Fast Facts

The Ethical, Economic, Legal and Social (EELS) Core of the CNTRP produces comprehensive fast fact resources to help inform policy on topics related to donation and transplantation.  These quick fast fact document help shed light on important issues and provide the necessary facts that will help develop policy in Canada.

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FAST FACTS: Organ donation after medical assistance in dying

 

The aim of this document is to briefly explain the challenges and implications of implementing organ donation after medical assistance in dying (MAID).  This document also explains the applicable laws, the logistical, ethical and practical implications of donating organs after MAID.  

 

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FAST FACTS: Opt-Out Consent

 

The aim of this document is to briefly explain the framework and implications of opt-out consent (or presumed consent) for deceased organ donation.  This document also explains the social and legal challenges with adopting an opt-out consent model in Canada to increase deceased organ donation and raises questions to consider.  

 

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FAST FACTS: Public Solicitations

 

The aim of this document is to briefly explain the social, ethical and legal issues in soliciting the general public to find a willing living donor.  This document explains common forms of public solicitations for solid organs and hematopoietic stem cells, the relevant laws and regulations, the risks and potential exploitations and the pros and cons of public solicitation.  

 

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FAST FACTS: Living Donation

 

The aim of this document is to briefly explain the ethical issues in organ, tissue, and hematopoietic stem cell donation from living donors.  This document covers the issues with specific types of donors, ethical issues with allocation, public solicitation and purchasing organs.  

FAST FACTS: Human Bodies & Biological Material

 

The aim of this document is to briefly explain the rights and interests in accessing, using or controling human bodies and biologial materials.  This document covers the rights of dead bodies, using dead bodies for medical research and what do to when these rights are violated. 

FAST FACTS: Death Determination & Deceased Organ Donation

 

The aim of this document is to briefly explain the issues surrounding deceased donation and understanding how we determine when death has occurred.  This document covers the "dead donor rule", death determination, organ donation statutes and the controversies over "brain death". 

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FAST FACTS: Ethics

 

The aim of this document is to briefly explain a number of ethical issues related to organ donation and transplantation. This document covers solid organs, vascular composite allografts (VCA) and hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), giving a brief overview of the main ethical issues in the field in the following 3 categories:
1) defining death 2) procurement 3) allocation of organs. 

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FAST FACTS: Consent

 

The aim of this document is to briefly explain the law around organ donation and consent.  There are slight variations among the legal frameworks in each province, meaning that one must consider the law in a specific province in order to understand what is legal in that province. 

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FAST FACTS: Incentives

 

The legal framework for organ donation is composed of human tissue gift acts unique to each individual province and a criminal code provision. This legal framework appears to have created a complete prohibition on the use of incentives to procure organs. 

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